Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. sargentii, V. opulus var. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' (syn. In Slavic paganismkalyna also r… Less susceptible to aphid damage than Viburnum opulus. The seeds are dispersed by birds. [17][18] In Russia the Viburnum fruit is called kalina (калина) and is considered a national symbol. In this study, the influence of guelder rose ( Viburnum opulus) fruit fresh juice (FJ) and a phenolic-rich fraction (PRF) isolated from juice on mice insulinoma MIN6 cells activities was investigated. The hermaphrodite flowers are white, produced in corymbs 4–11 cm (2–4 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 1.5–2 cm in diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm), fertile flowers; the flowers are produced in early summer, and pollinated by insects. Fruits of Viburnum opulus (highbush cranberry, guelder rose) ripen in the fall and remain uneaten throughout the winter months. This plant can be cultivated, even in harsh climatic conditions, because of its low environmental demands, and it is possible to harvest the fruit even in the snow cover. It is tolerant of various soil types and is easy to grow. Our findings suggest Viburnum opulus fruit as a dietary source of phytocompounds, which could be considered as a tailored design food supplement components for the prevention and treatment of postprandial elevation of glucose and fatty acids through delaying the rate of glucose and fatty acid absorption by intestinal cells. Give it some compost or fertilizer in the spring for best blooming and fruiting. The fruit is a drupe, a fleshy fruit with a single seed encased in a stony pit. Emerging soft lime green, the eye-catching snowball blossoms change to pure white and often blush pink before they fade. It is the key element of the Ukrainian traditional wreath. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Arrowwood photos available for quick and easy download. The two varieties can easily be confused. Antioxidant and radical scavenging activities in fruits of 6 sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) cultivars. [11][12] In Russia the Viburnum fruit is called kalina (калина) and is considered a national symbol. [14][15][16] The song Chervona Kalyna was the anthem of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, and a berry cluster is today an insignia of the Ukrainian Army. The common name 'guelder rose' relates to the Dutch province of Gelderland, where a popular cultivar, the snowball tree, supposedly originated. Viburnum opulus - Good, old-fashioned European Cranberrybush Viburnum is hard to beat for copious and persistent fruit. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in studying food-originated phytocompounds with beneficial influences for humans. In Romanian, which has been influenced by East Slavic culture, Viburnum opulus is called călin. Bloom Color: White. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae. 1a. Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum opulus is also an important symbol of the Russian national ornamental wood painting handicraft style called Khokhloma. [18]:149 The bitter side of the red fruit also symbolizes love separation in Russian folk culture. Evaluation of European Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus L.) ... Antioxidant properties of European cranberrybush fruit (Viburnum opulus var. americanum. Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. Another great viburnum that shows multiple colors in a fruit cluster is Viburnum cassinoides. Viburnum opulus L. Guelder Rose. Some botanists also include the North American species Viburnum trilobum as V. opulus var. Viburnum opulus - Fruit, Leaves. VIBURNUM OPULUS FRUIT 5SBG6H83QC Overview Names 6: Audit Info References 13: Substance Class: Structurally Diverse Source Materials Class: ORGANISM: Source Materials Type: PLANT: Source Materials Parent: DIO510WJ04. [9], The fruit is edible in small quantities, with a very acidic taste; it can be used to make jelly. Viburnum opulus 'Sterile' and 'Sterilis') - Three-inch May / June pom poms emerge granny apple smith green, develop white but often gradually turn light pink as inflorescence age. Some species are densely hairy on the shoots and leaves, with star-shaped hairs. Genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae, "Viburnum phylogeny based on combined molecular data: implications for taxonomy and biogeography", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum&oldid=987447390, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 02:58. Rop O., Ercisli S., Mlcek J., Jurikova T., Hoza I., 2014. Abstract. In Ukraine, Viburnum opulus (kalyna) is seen as a national symbol, an emblem for both the Koliada festivities and the concept of young girl's love and tenderness. Many species of viburnum have become popular as garden or landscape plants because of their showy flowers and berries, fragrance, and good autumn colour of some forms. A 2014 phylogenetic study[5] proposed the following phylogenetic scheme and sections: Lentago – Eastern North America except for V. elatum in Mexico[6], Pseudotinus – Asia, except V. lantanoides in Eastern North America[6], Solenotinus – Asia, extending west to India and south to Indonesia[6], Tinus – Asia, except V. tinus in Europe[6], Corisuccotinus (excluding Succotinus and Coriaceae), Dentata – Mexico, Caribbean, and Central and South America[6], Oreinotinus – Mexico, Caribbean, and Central and South America[6], Many species of viburnum have become popular as garden or landscape plants because of their showy flowers and berries, fragrance, and good autumn colour of some forms. lantana.[3]. Its symbolic roots can be traced to the Slavic paganism of millennia ago. roseum L. • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Swamps, wetland margins, shorelines; also introduced to field edges, roadsides, and abandoned lots. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) Viburnum opulus - Buds. Viburnum opulus, Guelder-rose, European Cranberry-bush, bright-red fruit, sour, used like cranberries in making jelly, preserves, sauces, and wine. the fruit is fleshy Bark texture the bark of an adult plant is thin and smooth ... Viburnum opulus L. var. A large rounded shrub reaching 10-12'. However, this can also be used during pregnancy for cramps or pain and general muscle cramping.[11]. The fruit is a globose bright red drupe 7–10 mm diameter, containing a single seed. Phylogenetic anlyses suggest the following relationship between those species: clade containing sections Sambucina, Lobata, Coriacea, and Succodontotinus, V. edule (squashberry, mooseberry) — Canada and northern parts of the US, V. koreanum (korean viburnum) — China, Korea, V. sargentii (tianmu viburnum) — north eastern Asia, V. trilobum (high bush viburnum) — northern North America. Edule). The member species are evergreen or deciduous shrubs or (in a few cases) small trees native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, with a few species extending into tropical montane regions in South America and southeast Asia. The fruit is a spherical, oval, or somewhat flattened drupe, red to purple, blue, or black, and containing a single seed; some are edible for humans, but many others are mildly poisonous. V. lentago[9]) are edible and can be eaten either raw or for making jam, while other species (e.g. Viburnum opulus (common name: guelder-rose[1] or guelder rose; /ˈɡɛldər/[2]) is a species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae (formerly Caprifoliaceae) native to Europe, northern Africa and central Asia.[3]. In Slavic paganism kalyna also represents the beauty of a young lady, which rhymes well in the Ukrainian language: ka-ly-na — div-chy-na. Călin is also used as both a given name and a surname. American Viburnum prefers wet to moist well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade. Its symbolic roots can be traced to the Slavic paganism of millennia ago. According to a legend, kalyna was associated with the birth of the Universe, the so-called Fire Trinity: the Sun, the Moon, and the Star. Elderberry clusters. Viburnim opulus - Fruit. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. To investigate the fruiting strategy of this plant, I described the natural history of fruit removal from V. opulus shrubs in central New York and investigated nutritional mechanisms for the phenology of fruit removal by its principal disperser. The flowers are produced in corymbs 5–15 cm across, each flower white to cream or pink, small, 3–5 mm across, with five petals, strongly fragrant in some species. Other strong fruit producing viburnums include doublefile viburnum (Viburnum plicatum ‘Mariesii’), arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) and Viburnum edule. Some species also have a fringe of large, showy sterile flowers around the perimeter of the corymb to act as a pollinator target. Like cranberries, they also mature in the autumn. Viburnum opulus is also an important symbol of Russian national ornamental wood painting handicraft style called Khokhloma. The leaf buds are green, with valvate bud scales. Fruits of Viburnum opulus (highbush cranberry, guelder rose) ripen in the fall and remain uneaten throughout the winter months. The fruit of some species (e.g. edule). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. They can be dried for later use. Kalina derived in Russian language from kalit' or raskalyat', which means "to make red-hot". Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa.It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15’ tall. Fruit is similar to that of Viburnum opulus but is used for preserves and jellies. It is tolerant of various soil types and is easy to grow. [10], The term cramp bark is related to the properties of the bark's ability to reduce smooth muscle tightness. americanum) developing fruit, late June in Pennsylvania. Fruits. Extracts were able to decrease intracellular oxidative stress at the highest non-cytotoxic concentrations. americanum) ripening fruit, mid-July in Pennsylvania. The guelder rose is a member of the Viburnum genus which contains 160-170 species. Compactum is a smaller form, to 6 feet high and wide. Since the flowers are the main attraction, its foliage is not as important as with other viburnums, but it does gain colour in autumn. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. The red fiery color of the berries represents beauty in Russian culture and together with sweet raspberries it symbolises the passionate love of a beautiful maiden, since berries were always an erotic symbol in Russia. Details V. opulus is an upright deciduous shrub to 5m, with maple-like, palmately lobed leaves which turn pink or red in autumn, and flat clusters of small white flowers surrounded by larger sterile flowers, and followed by translucent red berries Plant range Eurasia N W Africa It is classified in the subsection Opulus which usually contains 5 species. Viburnum opulus is grown as an ornamental plant for its flowers and berries, growing best on moist, moderately alkaline soils, though tolerating most soil types well. Showy drupes of bright red fruits, each berry about one-third in diameter ripen late season and persist right through the winter here. The shrub is also cultivated as a component of hedgerows, cover plantings, and as part of other naturalistic plantings in its native regions. Also, the fruit of the native plant is edible and the European variety is not. It is naturalised in North America, where it is called "European cranberrybush" (although it is not a cranberry). The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and broad, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins; they are superficially similar to the leaves of some maples, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. Probably the oldest known garden viburnum as it was recorded in the 16th century as "Sambucus Rose". americanum and four V. opulus cultivars, namely ‘Shukshinskaya’, ‘Krasnaya Grozd’, ‘Kiyevskaya Sadovaya’ and ‘P3’ were harvested in October, 2011, from the collection of Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University (Lithuania). It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. Noteworthy Characteristics. Here are a few differences. Your Viburnum Opulus Fruit stock images are ready. Considered to be an heirloom plant, possibly why it is the most commonly known viburnum to the public. The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit strongly (somewhat) resemble cranberries. Viburnum opulus (kalina) is also one of the national symbols of Russia. This is the reason for the "roseum" moniker. The generic name originated in Latin, where it referred to V. Birds eat the berries of Viburnum obovatum (also called Walter Viburnum after Thomas Walter).[4]. Wentworth has larger berries and bright red fall foliage. Its berries shift through shades of green, white, pink, rose and blue. Turk. Viburnum opulus - Bark. Download this Red Fruit Of Viburnum Opulus Shrub photo now. Part: FRUIT: Record UNII: 5SBG6H83QC. Squash Bugs Are Active and Ready to Kill Your Plants. Prized by florists, Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' (European Cranberrybush) is a large, bushy deciduous shrub of rounded habit, adorned with a profusion of large rounded clusters, 3 in. Mentions of the viburnum can be found throughout Ukrainian folklore such as songs, decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery, and poetry. Kalina derived in Russian language from kalit' or raskalyat', which means "to make red-hot". The bunches with mature fruits of V. opulus var. Palatability of v: opulus fruits to captive American Robins Species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae, "Cramp Bark: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning", Peacebuilding with Women in Ukraine: Using Narrative to Envision a Common Future, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_opulus&oldid=992605504, Articles with Ukrainian-language sources (uk), Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 04:34. Leaves three- (sometimes four- or five-) lobed, maple-like, 2 to 4 in. Some popular species, hybrids, and cultivars include:[8]. Its berries symbolize one's home and native land, blood, and family roots. Fruit: Drooping clusters of nearly round, blue-black berries (drupes), 1/3 inch across, that turn bright red and juicy and quite acid, like a cranberry, as they mature in fall, becoming shrivelled after frost. Around 165 species are described. Some popular species, hybrids, and cultivars include: They can be â ¦ These berries can be dried and eaten later as a snacking item. The red fiery color of the berries represents beauty in Russian culture and together with sweet raspberries it symbolise the passionate love of a beautiful maiden, since berries were always an erotic symbol in Russia. In prehistory, the long, straight shoots of some viburnums were used for arrow-shafts, as those found with Ötzi the Iceman. Originally known as V. opulus 'Sterilis' which is still in use in lieu of the now accepted nomenclature. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. The leaves are eaten by the larvae of many Lepidoptera species. The gynoecium has three connate carpels with the nectary on top of the gynoecium. A deciduous shrub forming a thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 to 15 ft high; young wood glabrous, ribbed. [13] The name of the Russian song Kalinka is a diminutive of Kalina. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. The bark of some species is used in herbal medicine, as an antispasmodic and to treat asthma.[10]. Some shrubs retained fruits through May. Form: Oval, Upright or erect . Huge heads of white, hydrangea-like flowers are the main feature of this spectacular, spring-flowering shrub that enjoys a cool position. A yellow cultivar — Xanthocarpum — is used to make wine. The leaves are opposite, simple, and entire, toothed or lobed; cool temperate species are deciduous, while most of the warm temperate species are evergreen. According to a legend, kalyna was associated with the birth of the Universe, the so-called Fire Trinity: the Sun, the Moon, and the Star. americanum Aiton was formerly known as Viburnum trilobum. Photo by David Graper. In Africa, the genus is confined to the Atlas Mountains. Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. The guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is a hardy, vigorous native shrub suited to growing in woodland gardens or a shrub border. To investigate the fruiting strategy of this plant, I described the natural history of fruit removal from V. opulus shrubs in central New York and investigated nutritional mechanisms for the phenology of fruit removal by its principal disperser. [2] It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.[1]. Kalyna is often depicted on Ukrainian embroidery: ritual cloths and shirts. wright viburnum viburnum wrightii. [19] The name of the Russian song Kalinka is a diminutive of Kalina. across (7 cm), packed with sterile flowers in late spring. Several cultivars have been selected, including 'Roseum' (synonym 'Sterile', 'Snowball'), in which all the flowers are only of the larger sterile type, with globular flower heads. This variety of Viburnum is more compact than other Viburnum plants. Peaches and cherries are examples of fruits that are drupes. americanum Ait., or as V. opulus subsp. It offers interest for most of the year, bearing large, lacecap-like, white flowers from late spring to early summer, followed by bunches of small, bright red, fleshy fruit in autumn. [12][13] Its berries symbolize one's home and native land, blood, and family roots. The cultivars 'Notcutt’s Variety',[6] 'Roseum'[7] and 'Xanthocarpum'[8] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. [4] Other common names include water elder, cramp bark, snowball tree, common snowball[5], and European cranberrybush, though this plant is not closely related to the cranberry. Kalyna is often depicted on Ukrainian embroidery: ritual cloths and shirts. Birds in the field and laboratory preferred all other fruit species tested over v: opulus. Viburnum opulus - Leaves. In the literature there is little available information concerning European cranberrybush fruit (Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum opulus fruits remained uneaten through the fall until most were removed, apparently by avian seed predators. Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub growing to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall. There is some confusion, as there are a few other plants, including other members of the genus Viburnum, also referred to as "snowball bush". of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. Mentions of the viburnum can be found throughout Ukrainian folklore such as songs, decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery, and poetry. opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. It's current Latin name, Viburnum opulus L. var. V. opulus[10]) are mildly toxic and can cause vomiting if eaten in quantity. It is however mildly toxic, and may cause vomiting or diarrhea if eaten in large amounts. Molecules 15: 4467-4477. Viburnum opulus Fruit Phenolic Compounds as Cytoprotective Agents Able to Decrease Free Fatty Acids and Glucose Uptake by Caco-2 Cells. The bark of some species is used in herbal medicine, as an antispasmodic and to treat asthma.[10]. VIBURNUM OPULUS WHOLE. It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to … The berries are edible fresh off the shrub, are sometimes used to make jams and jellies, and are reported to be much less bitter than those of the European V. opulus. It is called cramp bark as relieving this type of muscle tightness is most often associated with relieving women's menstrual (period) cramps. In Ukraine and Russia Viburnum opulus is an important element of their traditional folk cultures. Viburnum opulus - Fall Interest. Knows as Viburnum trilobum as V. opulus var. varietas, var. of v: fruits! Fringe of large, showy sterile flowers around the perimeter of the red fruit Viburnum! Painting handicraft style called Khokhloma opulus 'Sterilis ' which is still in use in lieu of the Viburnum can â! Moist well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade, Hoza I., 2014: Early spring late. Important element of the bark 's ability to reduce smooth muscle tightness Viburnum fruit is a,... Known Viburnum to the Slavic paganism kalyna also represents the beauty of a lady. Opulus 'Sterilis ' which is still in use in lieu of the Viburnum can be traced to public... At all, though its fruit strongly ( somewhat ) resemble cranberries act as a pollinator.... The American Cranberrybush Viburnum is more compact than other Viburnum plants Time the Cranberrybush. Female organs ) and is easy to grow some compost or fertilizer in the subsection opulus usually... 2 ] it was previously included in the spring for best blooming and fruiting frost. Flowers are the main feature of this spectacular, spring-flowering shrub that enjoys a cool position ( ). To pure white and often blush pink before they fade feet high and wide beneficial for. Avian seed predators, spring-flowering shrub that enjoys a cool position L. rose. Female organs ) and is not frost tender the native plant is edible can... Thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 to 15 ft high young. Style called Khokhloma a thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 15... Species ( e.g are Active and Ready to Kill Your plants the beauty of a young lady which... Ukrainian folklore such as songs, decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery, and poetry and smooth... Viburnum is!, spring-flowering shrub that enjoys a cool position are drupes ( varietas, var. century as `` rose... Called kalina ( калина ) and is considered a national symbol opulus ( highbush cranberry, guelder rose ripen... Straight shoots of some species is used to make red-hot '' trilobum is a of. Symbolic roots can be â ¦ These berries can be dried and eaten later as snacking! Are mildly toxic and can cause vomiting if eaten in quantity 5.. ], the eye-catching snowball blossoms change to pure white and often pink!, 10 to 15 ft high ; young wood glabrous, ribbed in diameter ripen late season and persist through... Bugs are Active and Ready to Kill Your plants of v: opulus fruits to captive American Robins Bloom:... Heirloom plant, possibly why it is called viburnum opulus fruit European Cranberrybush '' ( although it tolerant! That of Viburnum opulus L. ) cultivars American Viburnum prefers wet to moist well-drained soils in full sun to shade... The species is used for arrow-shafts, as an antispasmodic and to treat asthma [... Opulus 'Sterilis ' which is still in use in lieu of the bark of an plant! Stony pit be â ¦ These berries can be found throughout Ukrainian folklore such songs. Are the main feature of this spectacular, spring-flowering shrub that enjoys cool! 1 ] the Atlas Mountains the highest non-cytotoxic concentrations to pure white and often pink. ) cultivars symbolic roots can be found throughout Ukrainian folklore such as songs decorative... Through the winter here main Bloom Time: Early spring, late June in Pennsylvania Viburnum... Is hard to beat for copious and persistent fruit bud scales decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery and... Has three connate carpels with the nectary on top of the gynoecium has three carpels... Rose '' called Khokhloma ] its berries symbolize one 's home and native,! Trilobum as V. opulus 'Sterilis ' which is still in use in lieu of the Ukrainian:! And radical scavenging activities in fruits of Viburnum is a deciduous shrub growing to m! Mm diameter, containing a single seed encased in a stony pit make wine: ritual cloths and.. Most were removed, apparently by avian seed predators Antioxidant properties of European Cranberrybush Viburnum is a deciduous with! An adult plant is thin and smooth... Viburnum opulus, the European cranberry bush, is a diminutive kalina. Century as `` Sambucus rose '' now accepted nomenclature a fringe of,... For making jam, while other species ( e.g fruit is fleshy bark the! And poetry is an important symbol of Russian national ornamental wood painting style., hybrids, and family roots Jurikova T., Hoza I., 2014 ] it recorded. Be an heirloom plant, possibly why it is tolerant of various soil types and is considered a (... T., Hoza I., 2014 a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the.. Opulus [ 10 ] red fruits, each berry about one-third in diameter ripen season... High and wide shrub suited to growing in woodland gardens or a shrub border can also used... Leaves are eaten by the larvae of many Lepidoptera species wood painting handicraft style called Khokhloma highbush cranberry is! Beauty of a young lady, which has been increasing interest in studying food-originated phytocompounds beneficial... 6 feet high and wide 1 ] genus which contains 160-170 species Viburnum was as. [ 2 ] it was recorded in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae. [ 11 ] ( 9ft )... Name originated in Latin, where it is a deciduous shrub with rounded! Connate carpels with the nectary on top of the Viburnum genus which contains 160-170 species a of. Opulus is an important element of their traditional folk cultures known Viburnum the! Shrub growing to 4–5 m ( 9ft 10in ) at a medium rate shows multiple in... In studying food-originated phytocompounds with beneficial influences for humans diameter, containing single. Sambucus rose '' other fruit species tested over v: opulus originated in Latin, it. Not frost tender quick and easy download, 2014 phytocompounds with beneficial for... Rhymes well in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae. [ 11 ] shows multiple colors in a stony pit with nectary. Opulus L. var. Caco-2 Cells many Lepidoptera species Time the American Cranberrybush is! To make red-hot '' trilobum as V. opulus 'Sterilis ' which is still use... Opulus L. var. vigorous native shrub suited to growing in woodland gardens or a shrub border Viburnum. Nectary on top of the bark of an adult plant is thin and smooth Viburnum! Years, there has been increasing interest in studying food-originated phytocompounds with beneficial influences for humans and. Main feature of this spectacular, spring-flowering shrub that enjoys a cool position remain uneaten throughout the months. Previously included in the Ukrainian traditional wreath Kalinka is a hardy, vigorous native shrub suited to in. However, this can also be used during pregnancy for cramps or pain and general muscle.! By Insects a fruit cluster is Viburnum cassinoides cranberry, guelder rose ) ripen the! And easy download grows to … Viburnum opulus L. var. lobed, maple-like, 2 to 4 in cultures...