Authority. Verbena Officinalis – Vervain, is a perennial herb native to Europe, but it also grows widely in Asia and Africa. The plant is often used in modern herbalism, where it has a wide range of applications. Ma-pien ts’ao (Chin.) Chromatographic purification of the methanol extract yield two iridoid glucosides (verbenalin and hastatoside), a phenylpropanoid glycoside, verbascoside and β-sitosterol-D-glucoside. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. Verbena officinalis L. APNI* . The common name "blue vervain" is also sometimes used, but also refers to V. hastata. Instead, V. halei seems to be closely related to V. macdougalii, perhaps with some interbreeding with the V. menthifolia lineage which might explain its Common Vervain-like traits.[3]. General aches an… Verbena hastata is native to North America and is incredibly similar in appearance and properties to its European cousin Verbena officinalis, whom it is often mistaken for. SPECIES: Officinalis. monticola ( 0 accessions ) Verbena officinalis var. Verbena officinalis; Verbena officinalis. In Ancient Greece, it was dedicated to Eos Erigineia. It may also be smoked, although it is more effective as part of a dreamers smoking blend than on its own. Vervain is best gathered in summer (Voogelbreinder 2009, 346). Verbena officinalis var. Vervain is still thought to bring good fortune to poets and storytellers. Botanical Name: Verbena officinalis. [9] In another study, four compounds were isolated and identified as apigenin, 4'-hydroxywogonin, verbenalin, and hastatoside. Description: Perennial herb 0.3–1 m high; branches erect, 4-angled, ridges smooth or finely scabrous. Vervain regained popularly in the 1930s as one of the 38 flowering plants used in a homeopathic tincture called Bach Flower Remedy, variations of which are still sold today. A wash of vervain is excellent for mouth ulcers, hair and eyes. Vervain is also very good for calming anxieties, and has a very balancing effect on the hormone cycles of women. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is a perennial herb native to Europe. Common Vervain (Verbena officinalis) Vervain (Verbena officinalis) has no known psychoactive effects, however it is used in Medical Herbalism for various purposes, including as a … by Pliny the Elder). Verbena officinalis var. It is widely naturalised outside its native range, for example in North America. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Other common names common vervain common verbena countryman's treacle enchanter's plant herb grace herb of the Cross holy herb holy plant Juno's tears Mercury's blood pigeon grass pigeon's grass setywall simpler's joy tears of Isis vervain [2] But despite the outward similarity, biogeography alone strongly suggests there is really no justification to include this North American native here, and DNA sequence data agrees. Common names: Verbena (Engl., Tag,) Common vervain (Engl.) It can be used to ease depression and melancholia, especially when this follows illness such as influenza. As these, it is diploid with 14 chromosomes. Verbena is a genus in the family Verbenaceae. The leaves of verbena are lobed toothed and the … officinalis ( 0 accessions ) [2] The scientific name references the Ancient Roman term verbena, used for any sacrificial herb considered very powerful (as described e.g. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Verbena officinalis L. In the modern era, it is sometimes considered a powerful "ally" of poets and writers, as its relaxing effects can relieve writer's block. Voogelbreinder, Snu, Garden of Eden: The Shamanic Use of Psychoactive Flora and Fauna, and the Study of Consciousness. It is usually gathered from the wild both for local use and for sale, but is sometimes also cultivated. It grows on waste places and prefers moist, well-drained soils. Allopathic medicine for high blood pressure can be effected by vervain. 1. Latin name: Verbena officinalis Other names: Common Verbena, Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross, Holy Herb, Herb Venus, Simpler’s Joy Family: Verbenaceae Habitat: Common Vervain is native to Europe. Other Common Names of Vervain: Common or European vervain, enchanter’s plant, herb-of-the-cross, herb of grace, holy herb, ma bian cao, pigeon’s grass, pigeonweed, simpler’s joy, verbena. Family. Members can view this photo in high resolution. Vitex ×adulterina Hausskn. In the 1870 The History and Practice of Magic by "Paul Christian" (Jean-Baptiste Pitois) it is employed in the preparation of a mandragora charm[citation needed]. Propagation is by root cuttings or seed. It is also known as simpler's joy or holy herb, or more ambiguously as "mosquito plant" or "wild hyssop". They also used it ritually to create love and peace. One of the few species of Verbena native to regions outside the Americas, it is derived from the lineage nowadays occurring widely across North America. Snu Voogelbreinder, 2009. Vervain prefers limey soil, and is grown for its powerful herbal properties and lovely appearance. The druids included it in their lustral water, and magicians and sorcerers employed it largely. It will tone and strengthen the whole nervous system while relaxing any tension or stress. [4] Medical use of Common Vervain is usually as a herbal tea; Nicholas Culpeper's 1652 The English Physitian discusses folk uses. A poultice of the herbage may be used to rapidly heal wounds. Verbena officinalis herb has been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally (as tea or liqueur) for treatment of infections and fever. Headaches 2. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. Verbena officinalis / Common names / AlterVISTA (15) VERBENA OFFICINALIS ESSENTIAL OIL AND CITRAL AS APOPTOTIC INDUCTORS IN LEUKOCYTES OF HEALTHY SUBJECTS AND CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIC PATIENTS / Laura De Martino, Myriam Iorio, Giuseppe Coppola, Annapaola Campana, Clementina Savastano , Bruno Marcello Fusco and Vincenzo De Feo / Pharmacologyonline 2: 170-175 … The lobed leaves are toothed, the delicate spikes hold mauve flowers. Nowadays, the plant is widely naturalized all over the globe. Show more photos. A flower essence prepared from vervain is used to create grounding and stability in individuals who become so focused on a goal that they lose the connection between mind and body and no longer are able to care for physical health (Cech n.d.). “Verbena Officinalis.” DreamHerbs, 2011. [10] Aucubin has also been found as one the active constituents. Your email address will not be published. Chemical investigations of petroleum ether and chloroform extracts led to the isolation of β-sitosterol, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, 3-epiursolic acid, 3-epioleanolic acid and minor triterpenoids of derivatives of ursolic acid and oleanolic acids. Members can view this photo in high resolution. Habitat: Vervain was brought from Europe to North America and is now commonly found growing not only in North America, but also in North Africa, China, and Japan. Your email address will not be published. The plant is only utilized for the most difficult divinations, as this preparation causes great pain and insomnia for over a day after the working is complete (Voogelbreinder 2009, 345). It belongs to the Verbenaceae family and its common name changes according to the country it grows in. Fresh vervain herbage may be pounded to prepare a poultice for the external treatment of headache, rheumatism, and muscle pain. prostrata — ID 87383 Symbol Key VEOFP Common Name prostrate verbena Family Verbenaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution NY Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration … Height – 8 to 16 inches (20 to 40 cm) Exposure – full sun Soil – light, well-drained And of course, being the only member of its genus in much of its range, it is also simply known as "vervain" locally. Western European Druids collected verbena when Sirius was rising and the moon was dark. MEDICINAL USES: In Traditional Chinese Medicine, dried vervain is used as an antibacterial, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and blood coagulant. L. Flora category. The leaves are lobed and toothed, and the flowers are delicate and mauve in color. Vervain is also added to wine and taken on Samhain to aid in connecting with ancestor spirits (Roth 2012). Verbena officinalis is a perennial plant growing up to 1 metre tall. It grows up to a metre/yard high, with an upright habitus. The following are often accepted today:[2], The Texas vervain (V. halei) is sometimes included in V. officinalis as a subspecies or variety. A decoction, prepared by covering fresh plant material in boiling water and allowing it to sit for several hours, may be taken several times in a day to produce a purging effect that will ease bowel pain in serious situations (Grieve n.d.). in Wales) "Devil's bane"[verification needed]. Ancient Roman priests swept and purified the altars of Jupiter with bundles of vervain. The authors investigated the effects of clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Miller), cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.), lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.), herb-of-the-cross (Verbena officinalis L.), pine (Pinus sylvestris), and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) EO on some important foodborne bacteria. COMMON NAMES: Verbena, Verbenaca, Vervain, Veneris Herba, Herba Sacra, Holy Wort, Druid’s Weed, Enchanter’s Plant, Juno’s Tears, Brittanica, Pigeon’s Grass, Pigeonwood, Simpler’s Joy, Ma Bian Cao. The common names of V. officinalis in many Central and Eastern European languages often associate it with iron, for example: Common vervain was scientifically described by Carl Linnaeus his 1753 Species Plantarum. It grows up to a metre (yard) high, with an upright habitus. [citation needed] It cannot be considered safe to use during pregnancy as it might cause miscarriages. [8] It also contains a monoterpene alcohol called verbenol. Verbenaceae. It dyes the skin a light red when used externally in this way, leading people to believe that it drew the blood from the body (Grieve n.d.). TRADITIONAL PREPARATION: Vervain herbage, either fresh or dried, can be placed in boiling water and steeped to make a tea. Verbena species Verbena officinalis Name Synonyms Verbena officinalis subsp. The only Verbena widely found in England in a native state is common vervain, though it is just as possible that the names reference the popular ornamental verbenas, such as the garden vervain. Verbena officinalis L. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: common name(s) common verbena, kumatsuzura, ma bian cao, pigeon's-grass: If looking to enhance dreaming, it is best to drink vervain tea or take one dose of dried extract right before going to  sleep (DreamHerbs 2011). It was used in various rites and incantations, and by ambassadors in making leagues. Vervain flowers are engraved on cimaruta, Italian anti-stregheria charms. Common name. Homonyms Verbena officinalis L. Common names Eisenkraut in German Eisenkraut in German The Zoroastrian Magi are said to have rubbed the plants all over the body to obtain all desires and cure all ill. It might be closest to a group including such species as the white vervain (V. urticifolia), V. lasiostachys or V. menthifolia, and perhaps the swamp verbena (V. hastata). In the early Christian era, folk legend stated that Common Vervain was used to stanch Jesus' wounds after his removal from the cross; hence names like "Holy Herb" or (e.g. It has a powerful calming effect and is useful in cases of insomnia for creating restful sleep. The leaves are lobed and toothed, and the flowers are delicate and mauve in color. Name – Verbena officinalis Family – Verbenaceae Type – perennial, grown as an annual. Vervain does cause nausea in some people, and must be avoided by pregnant women (Voogelbreinder 2009, 345). The flower tops are prepared as a tea or tincture to treat insomnia and cramps. Botany Verbena is a more or less hairy herb, growing up to 90 centimeters in height, erect, but decumbent at the base. In Bolivia, the Mojo Arawak people use a plant called ‘marari’, which is very similar to vervain. It also is thought to have anti-depressant and anti-tumor activity. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Verbena officinalis .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Status Green - Least concern : Best Time to See ... Common in the south of England and Wales but much rarer in the north of the UK. [7] Hastatoside and verbenalin have sleep-promoting (soporific) properties. Vascular – Exotic. by Keith Cleversley | Jan 1, 2002 | Plants | 0 comments, FAMILY: Verbenaceae GENUS: Verbena SPECIES: Officinalis COMMON NAMES: Verbena, Verbenaca, Vervain, Veneris Herba, Herba Sacra, Holy Wort, Druid’s Weed, Enchanter’s Plant, Juno’s Tears, Brittanica, Pigeon’s Grass, Pigeonwood, Simpler’s Joy, Ma Bian Cao. TRADITIONAL USES: Vervain has been held in high esteem by European herbalists for thousands of years. Ancient Psychoactive Incense and Preparations |, Common Vervain - Verbena Officinalis Or A Holy Herb |, A Strong Psychic Attack Protection Spell - Ruford Enchanted, Psychoactive Kava Blend Builder by Effect, Looking for werewolves in ancient petroglyphs – Aimee Easterling, Entoptic Imagery and Altered States of Consciousness, When Santa was a Mushroom: Amanita muscaria and the Origins of Christmas, Angel’s Trumpet (Datura) Essence – Traumapothecary, Brugmansia x candida – White Angel’s Trumpet. Vervain. Herb of the cross (Engl.) OTHER NAME(S): Blue Vervain, Common Verbena, Common Vervain, Eisenkraut, Enchanter's Plant, European Vervain, Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross, Herba … It can be found growing in chalky grasslands and wastelands, along roadsides, and in some coastal areas. Common Name: Vervain, Herb of the cross, Prostrate verbena: Family: Verbenaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-8: Known Hazards: High doses of verbenalin can cause nervous system paralysis resulting in stupor & convulsion. It was called "tears of Isis" in Ancient Egypt, and later on "Juno's tears". Download PDF Comment on factsheet. Do you feel a greater love for life because of your experience with entheogens? Common name: Vervain, Simpler's Joy, European vervain, Herb of Grace, Tharo-phijub (Manipuri) • Nepali: भेक पादी Bhek Paadee, पित्त मारी Pitta Maaree Botanical name: Verbena officinalis Family: Verbenaceae (verbena family) The common name "blue vervain" is also sometimes used, but also refers to V. hastata. [3], Numerous local varieties have been described, some of them as distinct species or subspecies. Medicinal verbena is a very interesting wild plant, both for its health benefits and therapeutic value as for its qualities as a fragrant herb.. Key medicinal verbena facts. macrostachya (0 accessions) Verbena officinalis var. grandiflora is a beautiful European native, bearing small purple-pink flowers held on spikes of tall, elegant stems. Required fields are marked *. Because of the association with the Passion of Christ, it came to be used in ointments to drive out and repel "demonic" illness. officinalis Verbena spicata Gilib. Vervain was an ingredient in many witches’ flying ointments, and Ancient Germans wore vervain on their bodies as charm to create peace, bring love, and pacify evil energies (Voogelbreinder 2009, 345). “Bach Flower Essences – The Twelve Healers.”, Roth, H. “Vervain Herb from Alchemy Works.”. Verbena officinalis is a perennial herb that grows up to three feet high. They used it for divination, consecration, and cleansing sacred spaces. Verbena officinalis is a perennial herb that grows up to three feet high. It grows up to 70 cm high, with an upright habitus. A strong tea prepared from this plant is taken by shamans to allow communication with spirit realms. "Vervain", presumably this species, is one of the original 38 Bach flower remedies, prescribed against "over-enthusiasm"[citation needed]. Vervain is very helpful in treating headaches and gallstones, and acts as a tonic for the liver and heart. It is native to most of Europe, and is naturalized in Australia, North America, and many other places in the world. Vervain extract can also be purchased in capsule form, making the herb very easy to take as a daily supplement. Indeed, after working with the plant for several days, many individuals report enhanced vivid and lucid dreaming experiences (Dream Herbs 2011). It is indigenous to the Mediterranean region but has been widely cultivated throughout eastern Europe, North Africa, China, and Japan.1, 2 A different species in the verbena family, Aloysia triphylla (lemon verbena or lemon beebrush), is used to produce the essential oil of verbena known as vervaine.1 The medicinal use of vervain can be traced back to the 18th century book "Sauer's Herbal Cure," where it was said to aid in the treatment of kidney stones. TRADITIONAL EFFECTS: Vervain brings wondrous, vivid, and prophetic dreams, and also acts as an aphrodisiac and nerve tonic. A Royal Navy Arabis-class sloop of the World War I era was named HMS Verbena, and in World War II a Group 1 Flower-class corvette bore the same name; a Group 2 vessel of the latter class was called HMS Vervain. It is useful in irritated, depressed states. Herbal capsules are used as a soporific drug in much the same way as for the better known valerian. It is not to be confused with, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Ethnopharmacological in vitro studies on Austria's folk medicine - An unexplored lore in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of 71 Austrian traditional herbal drugs", 10.1002/1099-1573(200009)14:6<463::AID-PTR611>3.0.CO;2-G, "Simultaneous determination of four bioactive compounds in Verbena officinalis L. By using high-performance liquid chromatography",, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from November 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 15:50. In western Eurasia, the term "verbena" or "vervain" usually refers to this, the most widespread and common member of the mostly American genus occurring there. Among its purported benefits, vervain may help treat. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, Cech, M.R. Hazlitt's Faiths and Folklore (1905) quotes Aubrey's Miscellanies (1721): "Vervain and Dill / Hinder witches from their will."[5][6]. The Pawnee people of North America have adopted vervain as a powerful dream teacher, and it is thus that the plant has come to be known as the North American Calea zacatechichi. Ratsch, Christian., The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants: Ethnopharmacology and its Applications. Rochester: Park Street Press, 1998. Learn how your comment data is processed. Common Vervain Verbena officinalis. [citation needed]. [citation needed], While common vervain is not native to North America, it has been introduced there and the Pawnee have adopted it as an entheogen enhancer and in oneiromancy, and is often referred to as the North American version of Calea zacatechichi. Verbena officinalis var. It contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants. Officinalis, meanwhile, is Latin for "used in medicine or herbalism". Vervain is a slender perennial plant with small, pale lilac flowers borne on leafless spikes. Verbena officinalis : Source: Lamiales of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Verbena officinalis : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: The name Verbena was the classical Roman name for 'altar-plants' in general, and for this species in particular. And of course, being the only member of its genus in much of its range, it is also simply known as "vervain" locally. It is also known as simpler's joy or holy herb, or more ambiguously as "mosquito plant" or "wild hyssop". These Magi collected the plant only at very specific times in a very particular ritual way, in a manner reminiscent of mandrake collection. This potion was said to create energy for bardic song and storytelling. In fact, the name "verbena" is believed derived from the Celtic word ferfaenmeaning "to drive away stones." The lobed leaves are toothed, the delicate spikes hold mauve flowers. Your Name Email Address. Common vervain has been held in high esteem since classical antiquity; it has long been associated with divine and other supernatural forces, and it has an equally long-standing use as a medicinal plant. The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Asia. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is a perennial herb native to Europe.