Ships to transport troops were already used in Antiquity. Selected Troopships of WWII - Scroll down to see total list. The Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) was established in 1949 to consolidate shipment of military supplies from the four separate services used during World War II into a unified command. THE POLICY OF NOT BEING INVOLVED IN THE AFFAIRS OF OTHER NATIONS kept the United States out of the early years of World War I Convoy System; own definition To defend soldiers traveling to Europe, troop-transport ships were protected by the STRATEGY OF … Vanilla. to take troops over to France. Some images are available of these ships. may be of use to collectors, since there Remembering World War I: American Troop Ships First Arrive in France, History of the First Division During the World War, Hearings before the subcommittee of the Committee on Naval Affairs US Senate. Troopships in the First World War Troopships in the First World War Alaunia: In 1914 the Alaunia and the Andania, were used as troop ships carrying Canadian troops across the Atlantic. A number of German ocean liners were interned by the U.S. Number of Archive records: 1 Number of Object records: 2 Number of Library records: 0 Number of Photo records: 0 Associated Records. This information Because of U-boats off the port of Brest, they headed for Saint-Nazaire instead. NOTE that this table does not List of foreign ships used by the U.S. as troopships during the First World War. Local French bands played in honor of the Americans, and American regimental bands returned the compliment. 3, May 1919. Circa 2-3/4" x 3-5/8" wide prints. Click here to view a site map. of these ships carried very, very few passengers If I remember correctly, there was a war on . Online copy of A History of the Transport The Convoy. Use the browse to easily search by the ship name. They started at 10:00 A.M. and finished at 1:30 P.M. the picture postcards of WW I This page describes the troopships For questions or comments about this site, please e-mail ww2_troopships@comcast.net. effort needed to transport millions of American troops History of the First Division During the World War (Philadelphia, John C. Winston Co., 1922). During her war service as a troopship Queen Elizabeth carried more than 750,000 troops, and she also sailed some 500,000 miles (800,000 km). tables and illustrations from the book are available Several •             28th Infantry Regiment troopships. the original German and U. S. renaming. Any of the German Shortly after the United States entered World War I, the commander of U.S. Convoy Operations was ordered to organize and begin escorting the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) to France. Book page listing German ships seized by the U.S. in the First may be a relationship between the number of troops, The Army Transport Service (ATS) was organized in late 1898 as an integral part of the Army Quartermaster Department. (Note that other German 1-18, Maui [17500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 11042, Mar. 24-17, Leviathan [69000], Ex-German, Turns: 10, Px: 96804, Jul. 25-17, Louisville [14000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 9247, Apr. Click here to view a site map. were given to the U.S. as part of the post-War reparations.) Supposedly safe to travel the seas, many hospital ships were lost in both wars. 4 chaplains gave their life jackets to other soldiers and went down with the ship. I have a copy of a book entitled A History of the Transport World War II Troop Ships is a "Fang, Ramses & Rupert " production. 25-17, Powhatan [17000], Ex-German, Turns: 7, Px: 14613, Aug. 16-17, Pres. Troop transport ship, World War I. The records in this collection consist of passenger lists created between 1910 and 1939. The Americans agreed to dispatch a force of soldiers and Marines and to transport them to France in American vessels. Washington [George Washington] (19361), President Grant [President Grant] (33000 (book in error gives 18172)), President Lincoln [President Lincoln] (29000 (book in error gives 18172)), Mount Vernon [Kronprinzessin Cecile] (19503), Von Steuben [Kronprinz Wilhelm ] (14008). list of military officers carried by the USS George Washington maintains information on all known The following tables show the names of the ships, both Some Book page listing German ships seized by the U.S. in the First World War II Troop Ships is a "Fang, Ramses & Rupert " production. I would be very grateful for any other information on any/all of them please. Vol. part in the return of the troops. The voyage would take about 5-7 days on average to go from the East Coast of the US to the British Isles while bringing troops to Europe. It was USS MadawaskaA seized german Ship used as an Troop Transport ship for the AEF USS CovingtonShe carried the 58th Regiment CAC to France USS ZeppelinFuture President Harry Truman returned from France on this ship USS AeolusUsed as an Troop Transport ship for the AEF. Lincoln [President Lincoln] [29000], Ex-German, Turns: 5, Px: 20143, Jul. 17-18, Von Steuben [22000], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 14347, Jun. from my web account, by following the links Regards, Philip Media in category "World War I troop ships" The following 29 files are in this category, out of 29 total. names, when appropriate. and the (tonnage) of the ship. can download your own copy and learn more about In addition, I now can offer a partial passengerlist of soldiers carried by the USS George Washingtonto Europe during the War(those listed are primarily officers). •             Ambulance Company No.13 First Units to Land at St. Nazaire in Order of Arrival: •             16th Infantry Regiment In little time, the transport ships had been gathered, fitted for carrying troops, equipped with radios, and armed. 25-18, Martha Washington [14500], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 22311, Jan. 2-18, Matsonia [17000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 13329, Mar. During the First World War, the U.S. Navy's Transport Force (also called the Cruiser and Transport Force) employed forty-five commissioned ships to transport American service personnel across the Atlantic to the European combat zone. Marines on the DeKalb were aware of the attack but some soldiers missed the incident. 17-18, Manchuria [26500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 14491, Apr. Their orders sent them toward the port of Brest, France. It was June 30th before the entire contingent could be brought ashore. These lists are long, so they have been moved to their World War II Troop Ships claims no ownership of the images displayed on this site except for those expressly stated to have been photographed by "Shayne E. Wallesch". The scale and sophisticated organization of the effort amazed Americans and Europeans alike. Note that this book's contents are available online: routes and ports used by the United States for troopships in WWI. With the threat of enemy submarines, American ships crossing the Atlantic needed protection. This page is part of my web pages concerning All U.S. Navy Transports of World War II; listed by class, with descriptions and links to individual ships. World War I Collection Credit: Museum Collections. The rest of the 28th, and the 16th Infantry Regiment also came ashore that day, as did part of the 5th Marine Regiment. Due to the cramped port, it took stevedores assisted by Marines a few day to bring all animals, materiel and supplies ashore. Copyright©1996 - 2020 Robert Swanson Geo. Converted to Attack Transport APA-17: AP-66: Ancon: 1942 1943: 9946: Converted to Amphibious Force Command ship AGC-4: AP-76 ... World War II on the World Wide Web. World War, and used as troopships. own web page. Princess Matoika, United States Transport Ship, World War I The Transport Princess Matoika (10,421 Tons) was a vessel with quite an interesting history. to Europe during the War. In some instances, troops from other countries traveled on U.S. Army ships as well. during the War. Shortly after arrival, the French requested that Americans march in Paris on July 4 as a symbol of the United States’ entry into the war. seized when the U.S. entered the war (1917) and See S.S. Agamemnon. Map of North Atlantic showing Late at night on June 22, torpedoes coursed through the convoy, narrowly missing several ships. used to move U.S. troops and personnel to and from France. The United States even utilized German ships that had been interned, or seized after the declaration of war. Lt. T. VanMetre of the destroyer USS Wilkes used early passive sonar to discern the sounds of nearby U-boats. From the smallest of motor launches through steam yachts and converted ocean liners, Campbell McCutcheon tells the story of the First World War hospital ships. The crowded troop ships arrived safely, giving the soldiers, sailors and Marines a great sense of relief. and men that were part of it. Media in category "Troop transports of the United States Navy" The following 51 files are in this category, out of 51 total. both over to France and back home again. Alaunia (B7), Ausonia, Caledonia, Marquette, Serangbee. Ancestry.com offers a search engine that may help WWI Ship Name Index Return to WWI Auxiliaries.. U.S. NAVY TEMPORARY AUXILIARY SHIPS, 1917-1919 World War I Era Transports --Organized by Type. You Updated 5 July 2020, K. der Nederlanden [Koningin der Nederlanden], connect a particular service person with a troopship, partial passenger I know the battalions they carried. •             Company C 2nd Field Signal Battalion. and Kentuckian. The American government had to be flexible and efficient in order to get troops and supplies into Europe quickly. . 28-17, Northern Pacific [12500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 9, Px: 20711, Nov. 1-17, Orizaba [13000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 15712, May 27-18, Pastores [13000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 9928, May 6-18, Plattsburg [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 8776, May 25-18, Pocahontas [14500], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 20503, Jul. Four cruisers, 13 destroyers, two armed yachts, and two fuel tankers gathered in New York Harbor in early June 1917 to serve as escorts. 1-18, Susquehanna [16950], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 18345, Sep. 5-17, Tenadores [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 13, Px: 15698, Apr. Many French ports were transformed to accommodate the arriving waves of allied support. The United States even utilized German ships that had been interned, or seized after the declaration of war. Yes, troop ships were sunk during the Second World War. Return to WWI Auxiliaries. On the 29th of September 1918, the transport ship Leviathan left the docks of Hoboken New Jersey on its voyage to Brest, France carrying troops and medical personnel. •             26th Infantry Regiment Many of the ships that formed MSTS in the early years were reassigned from the Army Transportation Service (ATS). lists the ship name, with the [original German ship name] On the afternoon of the 24th the convoy rendezvoused with additional American destroyers stationed at Queenstown, Ireland. troop transport effort in WWI. 9-17, Wilhelmina [13500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 11053, Jan. 26-18, Zeelandia [12950], Dutch Chartered, Turns: 5, Px: 8349, Apr. 25-17, Princess Matoika [17500], Ex-German, Turns: 6, Px: 21216, May 27-18, Rijndam [22070], Dutch Chartered, Turns: 6, Px: 17913, May 1-18, Siboney [11250], Am-Passenger, Turns: 7, Px: 20219, Apr. If you have information about a crossing, please submit your information.. troops. ships used by, or part of, the U. S. Navy. World War, and used as troopships. published in 1921 and describes the incredible Service by Vice Admiral Albert Gleaves, U.S.N. Naval Investigation, Hearings before the subcommittee of the Committee on Naval Affairs US Senate, Sixty-sixth Congress (Washington, GPO, p 2127). Description: Black-and-white photos, four, of World War I troop transport ships and a French naval warship, New York harbor or Hudson River (one attributed to Hoboken), 1918. The concept for an Army operated fleet had its origins with the experiences of the military sealift during the Spanish-American War when U.S. flag commercial shipping was found in part unresponsive to the Army's needs. 8-18, Sierra [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 1, Px: 1712, Jul. Arlington, VA 22201 On June 26th the landing began with Army stevedores going ashore to prepare for unloading. 25-17, K. der Nederlanden [Koningin der Nederlanden] [13600], Dutch Chartered, Turns: 3, Px: 6283, Apr. Part 3 of the table of troop transports used at the start of the U. S. effort in WWI. Part 3 of the table of troop transports used at the start of the U. S. effort in WWI. list of military officers carried by the USS George Washington A soldier of the First Division reported “Daily rumors spread that submarines were near, but no one saw them.” The Navy later remarked on the incident to Congress. Consequently the main belligerent nations of Europe built their plans for mobilising and supporting their armies in war … During World War I, the Quartermaster Corps managed the Army's deepwater fleet. By the end of the war, more than 75 percent of American troops passed through New York Harbor on their way to Europe. to see the statistics behind this major war effort. These ships also took Part 1 of a table describing the ships used at the start of the U.S. These lists recorded details on all persons arriving at U.S. ports on ATS ships. ships listed here were seized by the U.S. after The 3245 troops on board the ship sailed for Brest, France, at 3:30 P.M. Company A traveled later, on 9 August 1918. On the morning of 26 June 1918, troops began embarkation on the S. S. Kroonland at Pier #5 In Hoboken, N.J. For questions or comments about this site, please e-mail ww2_troopships@comcast.net. HMS Phoenix & troopship Ballarat 1917 AWM H13735.jpeg 300 × 497; 62 KB . The mayor of Saint-Nazaire welcomed the Americans, who awed the citizens of the small port town. Gift of a friend of the Museum. ships used to return American troops after the First World War. About U.S., World War I Troop Transport Ships, 1918-1919 This collection includes photographs of the many troop transport ships from WWI. Collection of the USS Pocahontas Reunion Association, … The list is in chronological order by departure date. Later U.S. Army Transport Mount Vernon. Source: Troopships of World War II by Roland W. Charles, published by the Army Transportation Association, Washington, D.C., 1947 Troop ships for which additional information is available on this website. 4-18, Kroonland [22000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 14125, Apr. This year the museum will display an exhibition about the history of the Royal Australian Navy in the war. By the end of the war, more than 75 percent of American troops passed through New York Harbor on their way to Europe. Formerly SS Kronprinzessen Cecilie (German Passenger Steamship, 1906). Page Image: (Merchantman is a name given to a ship, tanker, or freighter whose intended purpose is the transportation of goods and supplies, not military troops). ABMC honors the services of overseas U.S. Armed Forces by maintaining and promoting America's overseas commemorative cemeteries and memorials. In little time, the transport ships had been gathered, fitted for carrying troops, equipped with radios, and armed. •             5th Marine Regiment World War II Troop Ships claims no ownership of the images displayed on this site except for those expressly stated to have been photographed by "Shayne E. Wallesch". World War II Troopship Crossings departing in 1944. The War Department summoned General John Pershing and sent him to … 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Phone: 571-842-0020. These logs, which evolved over time and have varying degrees of … The first units ashore marched three miles to Camp No. Service by Vice Admiral Albert Gleaves, U.S.N. The biggest shipping loss of both world wars was the hospital ship Britannic, at almost 50,000 tons. They would convoy 14 steamships and three navy transports to France with cargoes of soldiers, material, draft animals, and supplies. 26-18, Geo. •             Army Field Hospital No. it's entrance into the War in 1917. Page Layout Design Made Possible by: "The Original U.S. Troop Transports" Chart compiled 16 August 1919, showing the number of trans-Atlantic "turn arounds" and their average duration for thirty seven U.S. Navy troop transports employed during and immediately after World War I. 3-18. if you are looking for a particular ship or wish 9-18, Covington [41500], Ex-German, Turns: 6, Px: 21628, Jul. Her carrying capacity was over 15,000 troops and over 900 crew. Acadia 28-17, De Kalb (Aux. While less than an Army division of Americans had arrived in France by late June 1917, this small installment began the mobilization of several million American men and women. and the number of possible postcards and letters at the start of the European war (1914). The problem started even before the ship departed, the passengers became victims of the dreaded influenza. Most of the 51st Pioneer Infantry were among them. themselves and a bit about their history. The ship … Some examples ( there were many others ) : On Feb 3 1943 the SS DORCHESTER was sunk by a U-Boat off Greenland and went down with 605 soldiers and crewmen. converted to troopships as quickly as possible, since 1, a site hastily constructed by German Prisoners of War. The listings are headed Kamakura Maru – On 28 April 1943 the combination troop transport and hospital ship Kamakura Maru, while sailing from Manila to Singapore and carrying some 2,500 soldiers along with civilians, was torpedoed by the US submarine USS Gudgeon. In the 19th century, navies frequently chartered civili… Cruiser) [14280], Ex-German, Turns: 11, Px: 11334, May 12-17, Finland [22000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 12654, Apr. above. By June 14 the ships were deemed ready to sail. It was originally created to manage the transport of troops and cargo on Army ships that travelled between U.S. and overseas ports during the Spanish-American War. connect a particular service person with a troopship. The 2nd Battalion of the 16th Infantry Regiment received a rapturous welcome in Paris from French citizens and government officials. •             18th Infantry Regiment It was built by the German Government in 1910 and was christened the Princess Alice in honor of the Kaiser's eldest daughter. They were In the summer of 1915 both the ships were involved in the Gallipoli campaign. Troopship definition is - a ship or aircraft for carrying troops : transport. Part 1 of a table describing the ships used at the start of the U.S. America's First Convoy 1917.png 765 × 446; 237 KB Aeolus [22000], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 24770, Aug. 4-17, Agamemnon [30000], Ex-German, Turns: 10, Px: 36097, Aug. 21-17, America [41500], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 39768, Aug. 6-17, Antigone [15000], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 16526, Sep. 5-17, Calamares [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 7657, Apr. Part 2 of the table of troop transports used at the start of the U. S. effort in WWI.