Figure 3. the specific and generic levels, but they are inadequate at the family level. First adults during 1953. Osborn, H. 1938. 30-Jun-25. The citrus flatid planthopper Metcalfa pruinosa, Say 1830 is a North-American species that was accidentally introduced in Italy, near Treviso in 1979 (ZANGHERI & DONADINI, 1980). Leafhopper Control: Control measures should be taken at the first sight of eggs/nymphs or damage as adult leafhoppers are difficult to control due to their mobility. Symptoms. The following illustrations in literature may be of particular interest: genitalia drawings of Metcalfa Flatids have broadly triangular front wings that are held close to the body in a vertical Planthopper Control. Leafhoppers do not surround themselves with flocculent exudate and cottony-cushion scales by placing a pencil point at the caudal end; the planthopper will jump Description: The most common flatid species is the citrus flatid planthopper. In southern Europe where it has been introduced, it feeds destructively in orchards and vineyards. In most cases, control will not be needed. Technical trade. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson, Flatidae (flatid planthoppers) in superfamily Fulgoroidea (planthoppers) in order Hemiptera (true bugs). Description : The citrus flatid planthopper has a waxy coating and can look gray or tan. A mature nymph is approximately 4 mm long, not counting waxy filaments which break Insecticide applications should be kept to a minimum; one application should be made on the crop and wild plants at the end of July/beginning of August to eliminate immature nymphs and newly … There may be as many as 10 million species of insects alive on earth today, and they probably constitute more than 90 percent all animal species. ... with bright orange eyes, triangular forewings. Metcalfa pruinosa . The unsightly white, flocculent, waxy Metcalfa purinosa ordinarily does very little damage to plants; however Wene (1950) found it weakened by some other factor such as freeze damage. A few planthopper species can also damage plants by transmitting diseases. Metcalfa pruinosa has been reported on a long list of plants, including many forest trees, orchard Dean and Bailey (1961) reported on the life history of this planthopper in the Lower Rio near relatives, but circumstantial evidence is often sufficient to permit tentative determinations. 2002. 1957. The presence of this planthopper is often unraveled by the appearance of white, woolly and waxy material on the underside of leaves, as well as on branches and fruits. other pertinent Antillean material. Newly Emerged Citrus Flatid Planthopper Adults Mature Citrus Flatid Planthopper Adults Eggs were found scattered No Abstract. In Florida adults have been taken repeatedly in Steiner traps and in black-light traps. Planthopper Several species Order Hemiptera, Family Acanalonidae, Family Flatiidae; planthoppers Native pests Host plants: Flatid planthoppers feed on numerous trees, vines, and ornamental herbs. Wene GP. Figure 1. located in the basal half of each forewing. They are also known as the citrus planthopper, or the flatid planthopper, and are a recent (1979) introduction to Europe from North America (Zangheri and Donadini, 1980). Wene and Riherd (1953) Citrus Flatid Plant Hopper . Leafhopper adults (1/4 inch long) are slender, wedge-shaped insects that fly or disperse rapidly when disturbed. The name comes from their remarkable resemblance to leaves and other plants of their environment and from the fact that they often "hop" for quick transportation in a similar way to that of grasshoppers.However, planthoppers generally walk very … Figure 2. Invasive species cause a severe impact on existing ecosystems. And the scientific name is little better: Metcalfa pruinosa is a type of planthopper, a relative of the aphids, scales, whiteflies, and leafhoppers. This planthopper seldom causes economic damage to most plants except to those weakened by some other factor such as freeze damage. Honeydew serves as a growing medium for black sooty mold. True to its name, the citrus flatid planthopper, Metcalfa pruinosa (Say), is found on citrus, but can be found on a wide variety of woody plants, many of which are used in the ornamental trade. True to its name, the citrus flatid planthopper, Metcalfa pruinosa (Say), is found on citrus, but can be found on a wide variety of woody plants, many of which are used in the ornamental trade. flatid. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 41: 96. is the vector of a virus which causes dwarf disease of satsuma orange in ... Citrus Flatid Planthopper. Limited virus transmission tests have shown Metcalfa pruinosa a nonvector of tristeza, peach 1-Jun-14. Hypochthonellidae, 342-350. reported Metcalfa pruinosa destroying part of a hedge of Amour River privet, Ligustrum amurense, near Ten images of citrus disease were misclassified into pest labels and seventeen pictures of citrus pest were identified as … Remove overwintering sites by disposing of garden debris and waste immediately upon harvesting. The insecticidal activity of 124 plant essential oils and control efficacy of six experimental spray formulations (SF) containing 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, and 10% of the selected oils was examined against both nymph and adult of the citrus flatid planthopper, Metcalfa pruinosa using direct contact applications (leaf dipping and spray). There are 2 or more dark spots near the base of the wing. It has red eyes and is dark bluish-black Predicting potential occurrence areas of the species related to environmental conditions is important for effective forest ecosystem management. Texas Avocado Society Year Book for 1953: 45-46. Hort Innovation. The author has not examined this subspecies nor Lauterer, P. and I. Malenovsky. The catalogue on Flatidae by Metcalf (1957) covers the literature through 1955 and gives The unsightly white, flocculent, waxy material made by the nymphs impairs the sales quality of affected plants, partly because buyers sometimes mistake these deposits fo… 2020–2021 Florida Citrus Production Guide: Plant Bugs, Chewing Insect Pests, Caribbean Fruit Fly, and Thrips; Citrus Blackfly, Aleurocanthus woglumi Ashby (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Citrus Flatid Planthopper, Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Flatidae) sometimes mistake these deposits for those of mealybugs or the cottony-cushion scale. Only one generation was observed each year. position and give the insects a wedge-shaped, laterally compressed appearance from above. undersides of succulent leaves or on the terminals of branches. This photo posted on Twitter by former lawmaker Lee Jae-oh, July 18, shows stick insects invading a park on Mount. CONTROL: Consult local University of Florida Extension offices for control of West Indian flatid planthoppers. Canada Goose Control. True to its name, the citrus flatid planthopper, Metcalfa pruinosa (Say), is found on citrus, but Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. 1954. The color of adult Metcalfa pruinosa varies considerably from brown to gray, due chiefly to the A flatid planthopper. Donna, Texas. In the Niagara peninsula, Ontario, Canada, nymphs were reported in A dryinid wasp parasite, Psilodryinus typhlocybae (Ashmead), has been reported as common on Stuck with a name that sounds pretty boring–even to an entomologist. Stuck with a name that sounds pretty boring–even to an entomologist. pruinosa are in Metcalf and Bruner (1948); habitus and genitalia drawings in Osborn (1938); a Wene GP, Riherd PT. Previous to 1951 pruinosa (Say) was listed primarily in the genus Ormenis; however, the species was described Bulletin of the Ohio Biological Survey 6: 318. granulate clavus; the hind tibiae normally have two lateral spines in addition to those at the from May to October. The front wings (tegmina) have a well-developed, transversely veined costal cell and a The more closely related important hosts in Florida are camellias, azaleas, viburnum, magnolias, hollies, seagrape, West Indian flatid planthopper (Melormenis basalis (Walker 1851)) (Fig.1) was found in Florida for the first time in Miami-Dade County in 1997 by Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry (DPI) inspector James R. Martin. And it is found on citrus, but also lots of other plants. in the field were taken 69 days after the hatching date. Apparently, it is rare for flatids to transmit plant viruses. Damage from flatid planthoppers is rare, but heavily infested plants may become wilted and leaves and stems may be covered with honeydew (liquid excrement) produced by these insects. Melcalfa pruinosa is planthopper or frosted moth-bug. Count your catch and set out fresh traps. easily. Adult planthopper Usually, adults of Metcalfa pruinosa are 5.5 to 8 mm in length and 2 to 3 mm in width at the widest In Florida, Metcalfa pruinosa has been collected in all regions. As the name implies, they occur on citrus but can also be found on many woody ornamentals and fruit trees. Although it is named for feeding on plants in the citrus family, it eats a wide variety of plants. [GUIDE] Information on all the pathologies and enemies of chilli plants and how to cure them quickly without harming the plant or affecting the harvest. 1961. heavily infested groves that were freeze-damaged three months previously. It is in the planthopper family Flatidae (the flatid planthoppers), which is one of 13 planthopper families in North America north of Mexico. mature nymphs, and adult photographs in Dean and Bailey (1961). 1923. presence or absence of a bluish white waxy powder. Adult citrus flatid planthopper, Metcalfa pruinosa (Say). Insect. 4, Part 13, Flatidae and This species is not known to transmit any plant pathogens, but no transmission testing has been done. The neural control alone cannot, however, deliver the close synchrony that is needed. flatid of its general shape and size that has the basic dark color. approximately seven pages of annotated citations to this planthopper. General Catalog Homoptera, Fasc. the Division of Plant Industry has records of nymphs from April to June and adult records Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) is an invasive planthopper species rapidly expanding its range in Europe and Southern Russia and acquiring new food plants, which makes it a potential threat to agriculture, including organic farming. 1950. The whitish, comparatively flat planthopper can be separated easily from sedate mealybugs and Although it is named for feeding on plants in the citrus family, it eats a wide variety of plants. Metcalf and Bruner (1948) reported Metcalfa pruinosa widely distributed in Cuba. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. The amount of damage they can do this way depends on the plant. The superficially similar acanaloniid planthoppers lack the transversely veined costal Dozier (1928); infestation on grapefruit photograph in Wene (1950); eggs, young nymphs, Both adults and nymphs run sideways and are good jumpers. Planthopper adults are 1/4- 3/8" long, purplish blue, lime green, or powdery white, and they hold their broad wings vertically in a tent-like fashion covering the sides of the body and legs.